Pigeon Pea
Pigeon Pea

Pigeon Pea (cajanus cajan) is well known around the world, ranked fifth by acres planted among legumes and used extensively as a cover crop in other countries. Pigeon Pea is also known as the no. 1 companion crop in the world. Pigeon Pea is also used as a cover crop in many countries. However, there are currently less than 150 acres planted in the U.S. Petcher Seeds is experimenting with this crop. You too may want to experiment on your farm. “Georgia One” is the variety we are promoting. It was developed by Dr. Sharad Phatak, at the University of Georgia.


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Pigeon Pea’s claim to fame is that it will produce a crop with just one inch of rain, so it’s well suited to drought areas of the U.S., and can be used as hay when nothing else will grow.

Pigeon Pea is also known as the no. 1 companion crop in the world. Pigeon Pea is one of the three known crops to have roots so acidic that they dissolve the locked Phosphorus in the soil, and release it for the next crop to be grown. Its deep taproot adds drought tolerance to the next crop. It is a legume so produces Nitrogen, and its acidic roots make Phosphorus available for the next crop. It also builds organic matter.

Planting Guide

Pigeon Pea prefers sandy loam soils but it is very drought-tolerant. Ideal pH is between 6.0 and 7.2, with an ideal soil temperature of 55 °F. The seed is best planted between April and July, at a depth of 1/2”. It will not require any Nitrogen, however it will respond well to Phosphorus and Potash, following a soil test. The Georgia II variety of Pigeon Pea will begin to bloom after about 65 days, and will reach a height of about three feet. Temperatures below 28 °F will terminate the plant.


Here’s what you can expect when you plant Petcher Seeds’ Pigeon Pea.

Scientific Name:

Cajanus cajan

Seed Count:

3,750 seed / LB.


Pigeon Pea can be planted from April through July.

Planting Rate:

20 – 30 LBs. / acre